Netaji Jayanti (aka Parakram Diwas) :
Parakram Diwas (Bravery Day) is celebrated in India on 23 January. It was introduced by the Government of India in 2021 ahead of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose’s birth anniversary. Netaji Jayanti is observed as Parakram Diwas for the first time in 2021 on his 125th birth anniversary.
Subhas Chandra Bose (23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945) was an Indian nationalist whose defiant patriotism made him a hero in India, but whose attempt during World War II to rid India of British rule with the help of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan left a troubled legacy.
He played a pivotal role in Indian independence movement. He was the head of Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fouj). He was the founder-head of the Azad Hind Government.
About five months after the disappearance of Netaji, the Netaji Jayanti was celebrated in Rangoon on a grand and unprecedented scale. It is traditionally observed in all over India. It is an official holiday in many eastern states of india like West Bengal, Jharkhand, Tripura and Assam. The Government of India pays tribute to Netaji on this day.
His most famous quote was “Give me blood and I will give you freedom”. Another famous quote was Dilli Chalo (“On to Delhi)!” This was the call he used to give the INA armies to motivate them. Jai Hind, or, “Glory to India!” was another slogan used by him and later adopted by the Government of India and the Indian Armed Forces. Another slogan coined by him was “Ittehad, Etemad, Qurbani” (Urdu for “Unity, Agreement, Sacrifice”). INA also used the slogan Inquilab Zindabad, which was coined by Maulana Hasrat Mohani.
Netaji Jayanti, also known as “Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti” or officially “Parakram Diwas” (Day of Valour), is a national event celebrated in India to mark the birthday of the prominent Indian freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. It is celebrated annually on 23 January.
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