Kartika is the eighth lunar month in the Hindu calendar. The Purnima day that falls during the month of Kartika is known as Kartik Purnima. The celebrations of Kartik Purnima begin on the day of Prabodhini Ekadashi which is also referred to as Devuthanna Ekadashi. As Ekadashi is the eleventh day and Purnima is the fifteenth day of Kartika month, the day is celebrated for five consecutive days. Kartika Purnima is significant as most of the rituals and festivals conclude on this day. Kartika Purnima is also known as Tripuri Purnima or Tripurari Purnima.
This month is considered to be the most religious and sacred. People worship Lord Vishnu with great devotion and dedication during this month. Kartik Month is the eighth month as per Hindu Calender. This month is also known as Kartik Maas and this will end on 8th November, 2022.
On the fifteenth lunar day of Kartik month, Kartik Purnima is celebrated jointly by the Hindus, Jains and Sikhs across India. The day also marks the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev and thus is celebrated as Gurpurab.
Devotees of Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva read the story of Kartik Purnima on this day. According to the Kartik Purnima Katha, three demons named Vidyunmali, Tarakaksha, and Viryavana conquered the universe, destroyed the Devatas, and are known as Tripurasur. After defeating the gods, Tripurasur built three Tripura towns in space. On Kartik Purnima, Lord Shiva murdered Tripurasur with a single arrow, putting an end to his reign. When the Devatas heard this, they rejoiced and declared the day a festival of light, also known as Dev Deepavali or Diwali for the gods.
Kartik Purnima is also the birthday of Vrinda (Holy Tulsi Plant). On this day, Lord Vishnu’s incarnation as the fish, Matsya, was also born. Kartik Purnima is also supposed to be Lord Shiva’s son Kartikey’s birthday. According to Hindu mythology, fasting and rituals on Kartik Purnima pave the route to Dharma, Artha, Kama, and Moksha.
The last five days of the auspicious month of Kartika are called Panchuka of which the last day is known as Kartik Purnima. It is considered a significant day to celebrate the maritime glory of Odisha. Many devotees also believe that tradition is meant to offer prayers to their ancestors and seek their blessings.