Veer Surendra Sai (23 January 1809 – 28 February 1884) was a native Indian as well as a regional freedom fighter from the Bengal Presidency, now Odisha. He fought against British rule in India after they dethroned the king and queen of Sambalpur State as he was the legal heir.
Veer Surendra Sai and his associates Madho Singh, Kunjal Singh, Airi Singh, Bairi Singh, Uddant Sai, Ujjal Sai, Khageswar Dao, Karunakar Singh, Salegram Bariha, Govind Singh, Pahar Singh, Rajee Ghasia, Kamal Singh, Hati Singh, Salik Ram Bariha, Loknath Panda/Gadtia, Mrutunjaya Panigrahi, Jagabandu Hota, Padmanabha Guru, Trilochan Panigrahi and many others worked together and separately to counter British colonial expansion in India, preventing the British authorities from assuming control over the majority of Western Odisha region for a significant period of time.
Historians have noted that Sai has received more historiographical attention than those of his contemporaries in their struggle against British rule. Many of them were tried and executed by the colonial authorities; Hatte Singh died in the Vapor Island in the Andamans.
Sai was born on 23 January 1809 in a village called Khinda about 40 km to the north of Sambalpur, Odisha. He was one of the seven children of Dharma Singh. The family was part of the Sambalpur State ruling clan. He belonged to the clan initiated by Anirudha Sai son of Madhekara Sai, fourth king of Chauhan dynasty. Lion of Sambalpur Veer Surendra Sai died in Asirgarh Jail on 28 February 1884.